Ayurveda is considered to be one of the most Individualized and the oldest medical system being practiced in the modern times. Ayurveda is the combination of 2 Sanskrit words i.e. “Ayur” which means life and “Veda” which means knowledge. The medical system of Ayurveda is known to fundamentally oppose the one-size fits all remedy. In Ayurveda, everything is medicine and everything is a poison which means that what could be medicine for you could also be poison for another and vice – versa.
The Ayurveda was recorded for the First time in the Vedas, which is the oldest form of literature. The origin of Ayurveda is believed to go back to 5000 BC. It is also believed that the knowledge and concepts of Classic Ayurveda Texts have been passed from Gods to Sages and then from Sages to Human. The essence and concept of this medical system came into life because of Brahma (Hindu god of creation). It is also believed that Brahma had passed the Texts of Ayurveda to a Sage called Dhanvantari (Or Divodosa).
The origins of Ayurveda can be easily found in the Atharvaveda which contains 114 hymns and incantations which are also known as the magical cure for diseases. The House of Ayurveda disciplines the treatment into 8 different categories known as Ashtangas.
There are basically 3 major principal early texts of Ayurveda, The Charaka Samhita, The Sushruta Samhita and the Bhela Samhita. The medical works of Sushruta and Charaka were translated into Chinese as early as the 5th Century. The texts were later also translated into Persian and Arabic by the 8th Century and by the 12th Century, the Arabic texts eventually reached Europe.
The British Physicians were traveling to India to learn more about the Ayurveda. There were a number of Instruments mentioned in the Sushruta Samhita which were later modified in Europe. By 1815, the first major Rhinoplasty Surgery was performed in the Western World by Joseph Constantine Carpue using the Indian method of Nose Reconstruction.
However, during the period of Colonial British Rule of India, The British Indian Government had constantly neglected the practice of Ayurveda in comparison to modern medicine. After India had got its independence, there was more focus on Ayurveda and other Traditional Medical Systems in the country.
The WTO (World Trade Organization) believes Ayurveda to be an Intellectual Property Strategy which has an impactful contribution to the health status of many communities and developed nations.
Ayurveda (the science of life) is one in all the branches of Vedas. it's thought to be upaveda of Rigveda or Atharva-Veda however, really speaking, it is a stream of the data coming back down from generation to generation since eternity parallel to the Veda that's why its emergence has been same to be from the creator (Brahma) himself before the creation.It is known as eternal as a result of no one is aware of once it absolutely was not there. All this shows its long tradition and deep attachment to the Indian culture.
Ayurveda is the traditional medical science of India with the glorious history of more than 5000 years. As per the principles and philosophy of Ayurveda, good health is the holistic approach that includes body, mind as well as external environments. Ayurvedic principles are derived from universal laws of nature called "Panchmahabhoot Sidhhant".
Ayurveda defines life "Life" as the appropriate coordination of the four pillars (soul, mind, senses, and body) with the totality of nature and the cosmos. Ayurveda is all about the science of coordination and balance among these forces.
The system of Ayurveda was preached, taught and spread by Acharya Atreya who was one of the greatest teachers of Ayurveda. He was the son of sage Atri and learned Ayurveda from sage Bhardwaja. He had many famous students such as Agnivesha, Bhela, Jatukarna, Harita, and Ksharapani who went on to write important treatises on Ayurveda.
Atreya’s school of teaching was known as Atreya Sampradaya. He was highly qualified in Kayachikitsa (general medicine of Ayurveda), one of the elite branches of Ashtanga Ayurveda (8 branches of Ayurveda). In Atreya Sampravada, there were discussions among teachers and students and views of students were called upon. It stressed on scientific and methodological teaching. All the concepts were explained in detail.
Acharya Atreya’s teaching consisted more of medicine based on basic principles of the Ayurveda and he will always be remembered for his unparalleled contribution to the system of Ayurveda.
Basic Principles of Ayurveda
Ayurveda health system is based on following basic principles:
- Tri Gunas: The 3 fundamental energies of the universe, i.e. Satva, Rajas, and Tamas
- Panch Mahabhoota: The 5 basic elements of the universe, i.e. Akasha (Space), Vayu ( Air), Teja or Agni(Fire), Jala(Water) and Prithvi (Earth).
- Tri-Dosha: The 3 body humor that governs all biological body functions. i.e. Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.
- Sapta Dhatu: The 7 types of fundamental body tissues: Rasa (fluid) Dhatu, Rakta(blood)Dhatu, Mamsa Dhatu, Meda(fat)Dhatu, Asthi Dhatu, Majja Dhatu and Sukra Dhatu.
- Trayodash Agni: The 13 types of digestive fires: One Jatharagni (gastric fire), 7 Dhatvagni and 5 Bhutagni.
- Tri Malas: The 3 types of body wastes: Purisa (feces), Mutra (urine) and Sveda (sweat)